Historical international adoption statistics, United States and world

compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston
last updated 20 May 2012

Introduction: The following tables are presented:

Data are from multiple sources, sometimes using unconsistent methods or reporting periods (e.g. fiscal year vs. calendar year) such that time series may not be uniform. Some data are incomplete; "unspecified" sending nation in table 1 indicates adoptions with unspecified source nation in available data. Sources are listed following the tables.

Also see Historical adoption statistics and child population/welfare statistics, United States.

Graphs of some of the tabulated data:


Table 1: United States international adoptions by sending nation/region, 1953-2011

yearTotalChina, PRRussiaNorth America (less USA)Asia (less PRC, Russia, ROK)Korea, Republic ofEurope (less Russia)AfricaSouth AmericaOceania and Australiaunknownnot available
19534,300    4     4,296
1954     8      
1955     59      
1956     668      
195710,900    485     10,415
1958     922      
1959     737      
1960     627      
1961     655      
1962385   0244     141
19631,312   20439     853
19641,651   60441     1,150
19651,448   40421     987
19661,679   20392     1,267
19671,905   50450     1,405
19681,602   60624     918
19692,080   50755     1,275
19702,409   80998     1,331
19712,724   801,252     1,392
19723,023   1201,671     1,232
19734,015   3102,329     1,376
19744,770   9902,661     1,119
19755,633   6502,995     1,988
19766,552   204,008     2,524
19776,493   103,711     2,772
19785,315   02,942     2,373
19794,862    2,347     2,515
19805,139    2,404     2,735
19814,868    2,684     2,184
19825,749    3,862     1,887
19837,127   04,854     2,273
19848,3270  805,348     2,899
19859,28516  06,021     3,248
19869,94510   6,138     3,797
198710,09711 0 5,9910    4,095
19889,12012 13105,07711    3,889
19898,10217 1781193,54421 0  4,223
19907,09329 7439192,6201350978  1,669
19919,0506109911,2561,8182,751151,914  244
19926,5362063241,0469711,840480371,447  185
19937,3773307461,1031,0381,775712311,470  172
19948,3337871,5308251,2571,795740541,184  161
19959,6792,1301,8967181,2861,666655661,040  222
199611,3403,3332,4546831,2501,5161,07047780  207
199713,6213,5973,8161,1981,2341,6541,256143540  183
199815,7744,2064,4911,3541,8211,8291,0441485190 362
199916,3694,1084,3811,3921,9312,0081,70115045850235
200018,8575,0584,2861,8792,8281,7842,3532064521010
200119,6524,7054,2921,9853,2841,8622,7303364321970
200221,4676,1164,9502,7733,0571,7761,9663414671920
200321,6546,8575,2212,7652,6471,7931,4834234025940
200422,9917,0385,8623,8642,0231,7131,3876054484470
200522,7347,9034,6314,2951,8321,6281,10686544321100
200620,6806,4923,7024,6931,9071,3736591,340502750
200719,6085,4532,3035,1672,5769388691,8344501350
200817,4563,9121,8574,6492,3991,0647142,409438950
200912,7443,0001,5861,2911,8661,0797692,7653513340
201011,0583,4011,0793681,1648656573,1473412790
20119,3192,5879622759667368752,5482976760
1999-2011234,58966,63045,11235,39628,48018,61917,26916,9695,48127266295
percent100.0028.4019.2315.0912.147.947.367.232.340.120.030.13

Table 2: United States international adoptions by sending nation, 1953-2011, for sending nations with highest totals for 1999-2011

yearChina, PRRussiaGuatemalaKorea, Republic ofEthiopiaUkraineKazakhstanVietnamIndiaColombiaRomaniaPhilippinesHaitiCambodiaChina, Republic ofLiberiaBulgariaPolandMexicoNigeriaThailandBelarusJamaica
1953   4                   
1954   8                   
1955   59                   
1956   668                   
1957   485                   
1958   922                   
1959   737                   
1960   627                   
1961   655                   
1962   244   0               
1963   439   20               
1964   441   60               
1965   421   40               
1966   392   20               
1967   450   50               
1968   624   60               
1969   755   50               
1970   998   80               
1971   1,252   80               
1972   1,671   120               
1973   2,329   310               
1974   2,661   990               
1975   2,995   650               
1976   4,008   20               
1977   3,711   10               
1978   2,942   0               
1979   2,347   0               
1980   2,404   0               
1981   2,684   0               
1982   3,862   0               
1983   4,854   0               
1984   5,348   80               
198516  6,021   0               
198610  6,138   0               
198711  5,991   0               
198812  5,077   0    40   0      
198917  3,544   10  3 80   1   109  
199029 2572,620   50348 12142164   3 112 100  
199161 3291,8181500374455212,594393496054 99297 131041
19922063244181,8403755122352404121357161536091109910862127
19933307465121,77530273191103314269736051132113370910693648
19947871,5304361,7955416438220412351199341613350979485047635
19952,1301,8964491,6666341631837135027529849102331103083053745
19963,3332,4544271,5164411354380255555229683219316364760553634
19973,5973,8167881,6548259264253492336211631426619381487815215634931
19984,2064,4919691,8299618054603478236406200121249309151771681184238
19994,1084,3811,0022,00842323113709499231895194961613217125981368783252
20005,0584,2861,5161,784956583827285002451,1191711307972825214841064874639
20014,7054,2921,6101,8621651,24065873654226578221919281142472969672336812851
20026,1164,9502,4191,7761051,094810766461335169218187384492326011461456716738
20036,8575,2212,3281,7931656928283824732722002112481471072719811161477118636
20047,0385,8623,2641,7132847948352140628557199355471088611010189707020152
20057,9034,6313,7831,62844282475573232872268234614118330738865712162
20066,4923,7024,1351,373731463588163319344024831021873532867706256049
20075,4532,3034,7269381,254613547828411309326019101843142084893366046
20083,9121,8574,1121,0641,7234903797483083062291301026624957710514859039
20093,0001,5867541,0792,275610295481297238528133002533515507210956054
20103,4011,079508652,5114501819241235021613302824840505218953059
20112,587962327361,732640860226216022933020529755222149441100
1999-201166,63045,11229,73118,61911,5248,8916,4575,5785,0063,5683,2343,0052,7402,3551,8841,4361,4161,0571,023962846782677

Table 3: Intercountry adoption statistics by receiving nations, 1969-2011

yearAustraliaBelgiumCanadaCyprusDenmarkFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyLuxembourgMaltaNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwaySpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomUnited States*all
1969                   1,031  2,080 
1970               192 115 1,150  2,409 
1971                   1,369  2,724 
1972                   1,364  3,023 
1973                   1,314  4,015 
1974                   1,443  4,770 
1975               1,018 397 1,517  5,633 
1976                   1,791  6,552 
1977                   1,864  6,493 
1978                   1,625  5,315 
1979                   1,382  4,862 
1980               1,594 384 1,704  5,139 
1981                   1,789  4,868 
1982                   1,474  5,749 
1983                   1,651  7,127 
1984                   1,493  8,327 
1985               1,138 507 1,560  9,285 
1986                   1,542  9,945 
1987                   1,355  10,097 
1988516662232 523782,441875    2,078  577 566931,074492 9,120 
1989                   883  8,102 
1990               830 500 965  7,093 
1991                   1,113  9,050 
1992                   1,115  6,536 
1993  1,740   2,783     1,696  574   934923 7,377 
1994  2,045   3,075     1,712  594   959741 8,333 
1995  2,022   3,028 236   2,161  661 488 895665 9,679 
1996  2,064   3,666     2,649  704   908742 11,340 
1997  1,799   3,528     2,019  666   834733 13,621 
19982454872,222126241813,777922 15147 2,23360 8253716431,48792845625815,77431,710
19992444502,019166971493,597977 142142142,17766 9933565892,0061,01939131216,369 
2000  1,866            1,193 589 981  18,857 
20012894191,874106312183,094798 171792691,79756 1,1223587133,4281,04445832619,65236,379
20022944441,92636092463,551884 193571652,22547 1,1302637473,6251,10747828521,46738,524
20032784302,18035232383,995674 303582562,77251 1,1542787143,9511,04665630121,65441,530
20043704701,95535282894,079506 283982263,40256461,3073517065,5411,10955733222,99145,288
20054344711,871 5853084,136    1912,840 391,185 5825,4231,083  22,73443,857
20064213831,535 4502183,977    1763,188 60816 4484,472879  20,68039,742
20074053581,713 4261763,162    2183,420 64778 4263,648800  19,60837,526
2008  1,915   3,271     3,977     3,156   17,45634,785
2009  2,122   3,017   307 3,964  682 3473,006912  12,74429,867
2010  1,946   3,504     4,130     2,891   11,05829,005
2011      1,995               9,319 

Table 4, part 1: Intercountry adoption statistics by sending nations, 1988-2011

yearBelarusBoliviaBrazilBulgariaBurkina FasoCambodiaChileChina, PRChina, Republic ofColumbiaCongo, DREthiopiaGhanaGuatemalaHaitiHungaryIndiaJamaicaKazakhstan
1988                1,661  
1989                1,213  
1990                1,272  
1991                   
1992                1,007  
1993                   
1994                   
1995  991             1,236  
1996                   
1997                   
1998  637  347     481    1,571  
1999  630  403       1,453  1,615  
2000 60 214 596 5,095 246 95 1,518131 1,364 399
2001   297 565 7,725 266 728 1,609192 1,29851672
2002  358  626 9,135   695    1,231  
20036562734789656330910011,2292211,750 854 2,6771,055691,17279861
200462726048737893949313,4071891,741121,527323,4241,159681,08375903
20052325046312578958514,4962371,470 1,778 3,872958 87385823
200634130513961071598110,7452601,639622,172344,2271,0969283469699
2007141344869597167808,7532621,626 3,033 4,851783 1,00366753
20085  13282  5,972 1,617623,8961164,1861,368115821  
2009    54  5,085 1,4131494,5961167991,238 725  
201099  24879  5,471 1,7981884,396129582,601139613  
2011                   

Table 4, part 2: Intercountry adoption statistics by sending nations, 1988-2011

yearKorea, Republic ofLiberiaLithuaniaMadagascarMaliMexicoMoldovaNepalNigeriaPeruPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaSouth AfricaThailandUkraineUnited StatesVietnam
19886,463                  
19894,191                  
19902,962                  
19912,197                  
19922,045                  
19932,290                47 
19942,262                84 
19952,180                94 
19962,080                92 
19972,057                88 
19982,443                78 
19992,409                102 
20002,360    10679   173831,1194,269 8865978724
20012,43651   73    219867824,279 741,24665737
20022,365                53 
20032,306328539313579 195641184063454567,7451444952,05274936
20042,258879933582145 26994914144062879,4252425152,021126491
20052,101193 28093149 18299163503  7,4802264141,9821691,198
20061,89936990137126139 39510417446039506,7832063601,0531781,370
20071,265335 63166167 22270164574  4,8801864381,6191781,695
20081,25024912115107   223  40704,140230 1,5772871,739
20091,42136 36191   184 600  4,033283 1,5163171,506
20101,1545211355132   259 51532503,387190 1,0932051,242
2011                 73 

Sources:


© 2012 by Wm. Robert Johnston.
Last modified 20 May 2012.
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