U.S. expenditures for defense and education, 1940-2014

compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston
last modified 16 February 2015

Defense spending includes all federal spending for national defense, DOD and civilian, but excludes veterans affairs. Public school spending includes all government expenditures (federal, state, and local) for public schools elementary through high school. All education spending includes public school spending plus expenditures for private primary and secondary schools and for private and public post-secondary institutions. All figures adjusted for inflation (expressed in 2013 $)

The table below gives yearly expenditures in millions of inflation-adjusted dollars (2013 $):

yeardefensepublic K-12all education
194027,35239,004 
1941104,654  
1942378,922  
1943906,979  
19441,045,826  
19451,073,738  
1946509,889  
1947133,799  
194888,011  
1949128,714  
1950132,66056,43282,105
1951211,149  
1952405,16163,96793,502
1953460,696  
1954426,64977,400111,920
1955371,419  
1956364,19293,289135,458
1957376,628  
1958377,366108,932160,764
1959392,384  
1960378,791122,877175,615
1961386,452  
1962403,779139,931204,325
1963406,533  
1964411,485158,290237,549
1965374,358  
1966417,820188,319290,986
1967498,116  
1968548,426221,987347,065
1969523,658  
1970490,483244,263385,622
1971453,674261,717411,701
1972441,247267,789426,400
1973402,328272,056435,000
1974374,938269,200430,399
1975374,589280,787449,906
1976366,913289,051466,749
1977373,811285,215468,194
1978373,356288,852473,471
1979373,315278,239461,207
1980378,824271,299452,556
1981403,672266,850452,019
1982447,347268,410460,663
1983490,948276,987478,687
1984509,884285,871495,494
1985547,196296,609518,202
1986581,060315,852551,224
1987578,283329,954576,167
1988571,778340,080594,279
1989570,284362,543626,063
1990533,504379,237652,039
1991467,428392,418676,153
1992495,380400,253693,963
1993469,274407,771708,828
1994442,713417,039724,268
1995415,873426,476741,624
1996394,569435,990755,029
1997392,619454,522782,117
1998383,299477,798815,308
1999384,210497,569844,360
2000398,223516,561878,421
2001400,844540,380927,378
2002451,224563,764974,794
2003512,421575,9441,007,401
2004562,122584,8491,023,942
2005590,795595,8941,044,893
2006602,984610,4361,069,159
2007619,486631,7761,105,825
2008666,581646,2911,141,402
2009717,766662,7281,183,228
2010740,875648,7321,176,365
2011730,704625,7521,163,469
2012687,781613,8621,156,698
2013633,385621,0001,165,000
2014613,861  

Sources: Defense expenditures, U.S. GAO budget FY 2009 [http://frwebgate5.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/TEXTgate.cgi?WAISdocID=1287937791+7+1+0&WAISaction=retrieve] and FY 2014 DOD budget [http://comptroller.defense.gov/Portals/45/Documents/defbudget/fy2015/FY15_Green_Book.pdf]; Education expenditures, U.S. Dept. of Education National Center for Education Statistics [http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d07/tables/dt07_026.asp?referrer=list, http://nces.ed.gov/pubs91/91660.pdf, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d12/tables/dt12_029.asp]; CPI for inflation adjustments, U.S. Dept. of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics [ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/cpi/cpiai.txt] and U.S. Inflation Calculator [http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/inflation/consumer-price-index-and-annual-percent-changes-from-1913-to-2008/],


© 2001-2009, 2015 by Wm. Robert Johnston.
Last modified 16 February 2015.
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